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Advanced Member

Joined: 25 Mar 2009
Posts: 360

Posted: 13 Feb 2010 12:32:20 pm    Post subject:

Hi! What is the fastest way of find the Factorial of a number in java, and can you explain how it works, or how to implement it? My current method is simply a for loop with multiplication. It is kinda slow. I need to be able to do it faster. I know there are faster ways, but I have no Idea how to implement them.

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darkstone knight

Advanced Member

Joined: 07 Sep 2008
Posts: 438

Posted: 15 Feb 2010 05:49:49 pm    Post subject:


int factorial(int i) {
 if (i == 1)
  return 1;
return i * factorial( i - 1);

the no resursion method:

int n = 10; // calculates 'result = 10!'
int result = 1;
for( int i = n; i > 1; i)
 result *= i;

as far as i know, there isnt a faster way without look up tables

keep in mind that i know C for 4 days...
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ceci n'est pas une |

Super Elite (Last Title)

Joined: 04 Nov 2003
Posts: 8328

Posted: 15 Feb 2010 10:57:09 pm    Post subject:

There's not really a way to improve on the easy loop, I think. If all you need is an approximate answer, you might try Stirling's approximation.

Last edited by Guest on 15 Feb 2010 10:57:55 pm; edited 1 time in total
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Authentic INTJ

Super Elite (Last Title)

Joined: 25 Nov 2004
Posts: 3976

Posted: 16 Feb 2010 04:52:26 am    Post subject:

Computed from Simplify[PowerExpand[Normal[E^Series[Log[Gamma[z]],{z,Infinity,19}]]]], here are some more terms:


After rounding, the integer part is 100% accurate only for up to 27! = 10888869450418352160768000000 (and the next few are off by 1, 11, 169, 2686, 45076, 795170, …). Yet, you can steal an additional six perfect results by knowing ahead of time how many multiples of five there are in each factorial via [attachment=3084:CodeCogsEqn.png] (25n means that a number will end in n zeroes), and then rounding to the nearest appropriate power of ten, rather than one.

Note that the "z-1" appears instead of "z" only because I'm compensating for the fact that this is the gamma function and not the factorial. If you don't know what that means, then just be aware that your answers will be in the form of (z-1)! for an input of z if you decide to take this route.

Last edited by Guest on 16 Feb 2010 05:13:47 am; edited 1 time in total
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μολών λαβέ

Active Member

Joined: 27 Mar 2005
Posts: 569

Posted: 16 Feb 2010 08:20:34 am    Post subject:

If you're going the Stirling route for factorial/gamma, make sure you use Horner for computing the series inside the exponential. Lanczos is a possible alternative, so long as you choose the appropriate coefficient set.



Last edited by Guest on 16 Feb 2010 08:24:53 am; edited 1 time in total
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